Evolution of Academic Studies
In middle ages professors in north and south of Europe lectured on, natural philosophy and metaphysics; as well as medicine. Outside of these commonalities, great differences separated north and south of Europe’s Academic university structures primarily in subject matter. Italian universities focused on law and medicine, while the northern universities focused on the arts and theology. Scholars would travel north or south based on their interests and means. There was also a difference in the types of degrees awarded at these universities. English, French and German universities usually awarded bachelor’s degrees, with the exception of degrees in theology, in the north the focus tended to be on acquiring teaching positions, while in the south students often went on to professional positions.